Formation of hygiene knowledge of elementary school pupils


  • Alina Alina Francisk Skorina Gomel State University
  • Eugeniy Vrublevskiy Francisk Skorina Gomel State University
  • Andrey Tolstenkov Francisk Skorina Gomel State University



hygienic knowledge, hygiene, puppils, physical culture, healthy lifestyle, health


Relevance of the topic. The formation of hygienic knowledge which are necessary to maintain our own health is an extended period in the life of each pupil at all levels of education. An effectively developed and established system of hygienic knowledge in the organization of education of schoolchildren will maintain a stable level and favorable dynamics of the functional state of the body of pupils, their mental efficiency, will increase the desire to preserve personal health and will become part of the education of any cultural person. Purpose: assessment of the level of hygienic knowledge 34 students of the 3rd and 34 grades of secondary school No. 59 in Gomel attending extended-day groups. Methods: theoretical analysis and synthesis of data of scientific and methodical literature, questioning, test exercises and statistical methods of processing of materials. Results: the results of the questionnaire of pupils on the formation of hygienic knowledge have been determined. Among pupils of 3rd and 4th forms, the "middle" level of knowledge dominates. Conclusions: Familiarization of primary school pupils with the basics of their hygienic knowledge is one of the effective ways to involve children in physical exercise, sports, interest in physical improvement. The lesson of physical culture and health, due to its methodological features, cannot make up for the lack of this type of knowledge. Therefore, it is obvious that there is a need to develop additional educational material (methodological manuals, logical tasks on this topic, didactic games), to conduct quizzes, talks, information hours, to select modern, research-containing films and to watch them at optional classes, in extended-day groups, etc.).